Understanding sunscreen

Does sunscreen go on before or after moisturiser? And can you re-apply sunscreen when wearing makeup?

Sunscreen should always be the final application prior to the use of makeup. Always allow a minute or two for the sunscreen to penetrate through the upper layers of the skin before makeup application. Sunscreen can be applied over makeup, however, ideally it should be applied to a clean skin but not everyone is prepared to cleanse their skin and reapply makeup when in the sun for longer periods of time. Remember to reapply every two hours when in the sun and apply the correct amount of sunscreen, which is half a teaspoon for the face neck and ears.

How can we stop brown spots, freckles and pigmentation becoming more prominent in summer?

For some hyperpigmentation concerns, particularly hormonal issues such as melasma, there is not really any way of avoiding this. Often it is the heat of summer that draws pigment to the surface so trying to avoid excessive heat and the sun is best as well as protecting the skin with a broad spectrum SPF50+ on a daily basis will prevent this from getting worse. There are some treatments available in clinic and homecare products that will help to treat these conditions so it is advisable to seek advice from your clinician for the most suitable treatment available.

SPF and Broad Spectrum; what do these terms really mean and what should we be looking for in a daily sunscreen?

Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is a worldwide standard measure of protection of the skin from predominantly UVB rays. Broad spectrum is the measurement of a sunscreen’s effectiveness against UVA rays. Broad spectrum sunscreens are designed to protect against both UVB and UVA rays. A conventional sunscreen that has an SPF rating only and does not mention the term “broad spectrum” may block very little UVA radiation relative to the SPF it claims. This is important to always look for a sunscreen that has SPF as a primary claim protecting against both UVA and UVB rays providing optimum protection from the damaging effects they have on our skin.

How often should we reapply sunscreen when out in the sun all day?

Sunscreen should be reapplied every two hours or following swimming. Apply at least a teaspoon for each limb, front and back of the body and half a teaspoon for the face, neck and ears. You should apply one cupped adult hand (30 to 40ml) of sunscreen for an adult body.

A former salon owner, Tracey Beeby is the Global Education Ambassador for Australian brand Ultraceuticals

Summer survival kit

Before: MECCA COSMETICA To Save Face SPF 30+

With hyaluronic acid, pomegranate extract and vitamin E, this weightless SPF formula acts as the perfect makeup base.

During: Ultraceuticals SunActive SPF50+ Face Cream

Using biomimetic moisturising ingredients, this cream helps maintain the skin’s optimum hydration levels while protecting from the sun’s rays.

After: ELEMIS Hydra-Gel Eye Masks

Potent marine-charged eye masks that refresh, renew and de-puff the eye area. While hyaluronic acid hydrates, seaweed extracts tighten and smooth – a true win-win. Keep in the fridge for added chill. lotusskincare.co.nz